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KA‘BA ou KAABA - 6 articles : ISLAM (La religion musulmane) - Pratiques et rituels • ISLAM (La religion musulmane) - Les fondements • MAHOMET (571?-632) • PÈLERINAGES ET LIEUX SACRÉS • MECQUE (LA) • MUSULMANS (FÊTES ET RITES) One is that the shrine was a place of worship for angels (mala'ikah) before the creation of man. More than 1.6 billion Muslims face the Kaaba from all over the world. The Kaaba has since been the focal point of Muslim piety. Choisissez parmi des contenus premium Kaaba de la plus haute qualité. Les parois des murs sont quant à elles tapissées d’un ensemble de pièces de tissus de … A statue of Hubal (the principal idol of Mecca) and statues of other pagan deities are known to have been placed in or around the Kaaba. [38], Writing in the Encyclopedia of Islam, Wensinck identifies Mecca with a place called Macoraba mentioned by Ptolemy. C'est l'histoire de la Ka'aba et les personnes qui l'ont protégé et est resté ses gardiens et les protecteurs de la satanique et les forces du mal dans l'histoire. The Kaaba has been destroyed, damaged, and subsequently rebuilt several times since. The ceremony takes place on the 1st of Sha'baan, the eighth month of the Islamic calendar, approximately thirty days before the start of the month of Ramadan and on the 15th of Muharram, the first month. The interior contains nothing but the three pillars supporting the roof and a number of suspended silver and gold lamps. [7] Various sculptures and paintings were held inside the Kaaba. Behold! La kiswa (de l'arabe كسوة [ costume]) est une étoffe de soie noire qui recouvre la Ka'ba (ou Kaaba) à La Mecque, et qui est ornée à mi-hauteur de calligraphies de la profession de foi musulmane et de versets coraniques, brodées en fil d'or. [Quran 2:143–144] The direction faced during prayer is the direction of where the Kaaba is, relative to the person praying. However, the most significant increase in their numbers is during Ramadan and the hajj, when millions of pilgrims gather for tawaf. [53], At the culmination of his mission,[54] in 630 CE, after the allies of the Quraysh, the Banu Bakr, violated the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah, Muhammad conquered Mecca. Three pillars (some erroneously report two) stand inside the Kaaba, with a small altar or table set between one and the other two. [41] A recent study has revisited the arguments for Macoraba and found them unsatisfactory. ", After the conquest, Muhammad restated the sanctity and holiness of Mecca, including its Masjid al-Haram, in Islam. La kaaba et ses légendes Beaucoup de villes du moyen-orient avaient leur temple cubique, leur kaaba. C'est l'histoire de la Ka'aba et les personnes qui l'ont protégé et est resté ses gardiens et les protecteurs de la satanique et les forces du mal dans l'histoire. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The Kaaba is depicted on the reverse of 500 Saudi riyal, and the 2000 Iranian rial banknotes.[63]. Most Arabs probably viewed this deity as one among many, possessing powers not specific to a particular tribe; others may have identified this figure with…, In Muhammad’s view, the Kaʿbah had been dedicated to the aniconic worship of the one God (Allāh) by Abraham, who fathered the ancestor of the Israelites, Isḥāq (Isaac), as well as the ancestor of the Arabs, Ismāʿīl (Ishmael). Muhammad asked his hearers not to embrace something new but to…, …place for Muslims is the Kaʿbah sanctuary at Mecca, the object of the annual pilgrimage. The Kaaba has been repaired and reconstructed many times. The town is absent, however, from any known geographies or histories written in the three centuries before the rise of Islam. [Quran 22:26–33], According to Islamic tradition, over the millennia after Ishmael's death, his progeny and the local tribes who settled around the Zamzam well gradually turned to polytheism and idolatry. Muslims orient themselves toward this shrine during the five daily prayers, bury their dead facing its meridian, and cherish the ambition of visiting it on pilgrimage. The Qibla is the direction faced during prayer. Indeed, it was no new thing for the Arabs to worship there, but goes back to antiquity, to their early days, in that they show honor to the father of the head of their people."[46]. Or, le verset 2-127, dit que c'est Ibrahim sws et son fils ismail sws. The vicinity of the shrine was also made a sanctuary where bloodshed and war were forbidden. Yasser Ahmad, a eu l’opportunité de pénétrer à l’intérieur de la Kaaba le samedi 30 mai 2015 à la Mecque. [80] Members of the tribe greet visitors to the inside of the Kaaba on the occasion of the cleaning ceremony. [8] The iconography in the Kaaba also included paintings of other prophets and angels. Omissions? The Kaaba or Ka'aba (Arabic: الكعبة‎ ‎ al-Kaʿbah IPA: [ælˈkæʕbɐ], "The Cube"), forby kent as the Sacred Hoose (البيت الحرام‎ Baytu l-Ḥarām) an the Auncient Hoose (البيت العتيق‎ Baytu l-'Atīq), is a cuboid biggin at the centre o Islam's maist saucrit mosque, Al-Masjid al-Haram, in Mecca, Saudi Arabie.. References In 930 the Black Stone itself was carried away by an extreme Shiʿi sect known as the Qarmatians and held almost 20 years for ransom. Die struktuur self is bedek met ’n swart behangsel wat met goud versier is. Tawaf begins from the corner of the Kaaba with the Black Stone. The Kaaba returned to the cube shape it had taken during Muhammad's time. [39][20] G. E. von Grunebaum states: "Mecca is mentioned by Ptolemy. The Kaaba functions as the qibla, or the direction in which Muslims pray towards 5 five times a day. In Samaritan literature, the Samaritan Book of the Secrets of Moses (Asatir) claims that Ishmael and his eldest son Nebaioth built the Kaaba as well as the city of Mecca. (Princeton University Press, 2011), 45–62. ], ille esseva pardonate per Deo.In le angulo nord-est es Hajar Al-Aswad, le petra nigre.Illo es ubicate in le moschea del Haram.. This short Nestorian (Christian origin) chronicle written no later than the 660s CE covers the history up to the Arab conquest and also gives an interesting note on Arabian geography. 'The Sacred House of Allah'). The Kaaba was bombarded with stones in the second siege of Mecca in 692, in which the Umayyad army was led by al-Hajjaj ibn Yusuf. Crone believes that this is an exaggeration and that Mecca may only have been an outpost for trading with nomads for leather, cloth, and camel butter. This idol was one of the chief deities of the ruling Quraysh tribe. The wall directly adjacent to the entrance of the Kaaba has six tablets inlaid with inscriptions, and there are several more tablets along the other walls. The Kaaba is a cuboid-shaped structure made of stones. [82], Building at the center of Islam's most important mosque, the Masjid al-Haram, This article is about the Islamic holy site in Mecca. Note: The major (long) axis of the Kaaba has been observed to align with the rising of the star Canopus toward which its southern wall is directed, while its minor axis (its east–west facades) roughly align with the sunrise of summer solstice and the sunset of winter solstice.[71][72]. Several rituals were adopted in the pilgrimage including doing naked circumambulation. [23], The Qur'an contains several verses regarding the origin of the Kaaba. Le Kaaba es le templo de Mecca.Secun le mythologia moslem, illo era construite per Ishmael e Abraham al location ubi Adam coleva primarimente post su expulsion del paradiso, e ubi, post duo centos annos de vagrante [? According to tradition, this stone was given to Adam on his expulsion from paradise in order to obtain forgiveness of his sins. Hawting, G.R. Per a hypothesis by Uri Rubin and Christian Robin, Hubal was only venerated by Quraysh and the Kaaba was first dedicated to Allah, a supreme god of individuals belonging to different tribes, while the pantheon of the gods of Quraysh was installed in Kaaba after they conquered Mecca a century before Muhammad's time. When the idol was moved inside the Kaaba, it had seven arrows in front of it, which were used for divination. ['Ata'] said: "Yes, there was set in it a picture of Maryam adorned (muzawwaqan); in her lap, her son Isa sat adorned. (bukhari :3020) La maison… The exact sense is ambiguous, but many Muslims have interpreted the phrase to mean that they rebuilt a shrine first erected by Adam of which only the foundations still existed. Located in the eastern corner of the Kaaba is the Black Stone of Mecca, whose now-broken pieces are surrounded by a ring of stone and held together by a heavy silver band. La Kaaba est un lieu sacré du culte musulman au sein de la mosquée al-Haram, à la Mecque, en Arabie Saoudite. [49][50] Ibn Ishaq says that the timber for the reconstruction of the Kaaba came from a Greek ship that had been wrecked on the Red Sea coast at Shu'aybah and that the work was undertaken by a Coptic carpenter called Baqum. In 693 CE, 'Abd al-Malik had the remnants of al-Zubayr's Kaaba razed, and rebuilt it on the foundations set by the Quraysh. La Kalima al Tawhid que l’on peut croiser presque partout, insiste sur l’identité islamique de l’Etat ; les noms d’Abu Bakr, Omar, Othman et Ali que l’on peut voir sur le voile de la Kaaba, sur le portique du Masjid Al Haram, etc. Caretakers anoint the marble cladding with the same scented oil used to anoint the Black Stone outside. In 624 CE, Muslims believe the direction of the qibla was changed from the Masjid al-Aqsa to the Masjid al-Haram in Mecca, with the revelation of Surah 2, verse 144. After heavy rains and flooding in 1626, the walls of the Kaaba collapsed and the Mosque was damaged. Both the roof and ceiling (collectively dual-layered) are made of stainless steel-capped teak wood. "[21] The Asatir book was likely compiled in the 10th century CE,[22] though Moses Gaster suggested in 1927 that it was written no later than the second half of the 3rd century BCE. Hajj pilgrims are generally advised to "make ṭawāf" at least twice – once as part of the Hajj, and again before leaving Mecca.[79]. ", Ibn Kathir, in his famous exegesis (tafsir) of the Quran, mentions two interpretations among the Muslims on the origin of the Kaaba. The Kaaba marked the location where the sacred world intersected with the profane; the embedded Black Stone was a further symbol of this as a meteorite that had fallen from the sky and linked heaven and earth. [64][65] Inside the Kaaba, the floor is made of marble and limestone. According to Ishaq's biography, Muhammad's solution was to have all the clan elders raise the cornerstone on a cloak, after which Muhammad set the stone into its final place with his own hands. "[14] Armstrong further says that the Kaaba was thought to be at the center of the world, with the Gate of Heaven directly above it. 'The Cube', Arabic pronunciation: [kaʕ.bah]), also spelled Ka'bah or Kabah, sometimes referred to as al-Kaʿbah al-Musharrafah (Arabic: ٱلْكَعْبَة ٱلْمُشَرَّفَة‎, romanized: al-Kaʿbah al-Musharrafah, lit. 'Depiction') of Maryam and 'Isa. A similar view is printed on the obverse side of 500-riyal (approximately 133 USD) notes in Saudi Arabia. Poids : environ 700 kg, dont 670 kg de soie, 120 kg d’or et 50 kg d’argent pour les transcriptions qui la décorent. The Kaaba with the signature minarets. This combat-free zone allowed Mecca to thrive not only as a place of pilgrimage, but also as a trading center.[17]. [13] The others also allegedly had counterparts of the Black Stone. L’intérieur de la kaaba est quasiment vide. Les quatre coins de la Kaaba furent orientés vers les points cardinaux et une pierre noire céleste, remise par un ange, fut enchâssée dans le coin oriental du sanctuaire. The…. "[40] In Meccan Trade and the Rise of Islam, Patricia Crone argues that the identification of Macoraba with Mecca is false and that Macoraba was a town in southern Arabia in what was then known as Arabia Felix. Aujourd’hui, c’est la saturation. Legend has it that the stone was originally white but has become black by absorbing the sins of the countless thousands of pilgrims who have kissed and touched it.

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